There are a few ways of looking at the rich history of monasticism. Here we look at 1) monastic lineages or traditions and 2) monastic life-styles.

1) Monastic Traditions:

2) Monastic Styles:

  • “Cenobites” – monks who live together in a community
  • “Anchorites” – hermits, who live alone
  • “Skete” (Orthodox) – a halfway house between a monastery and hermits
  • “Oblates” and “Householder Yogins”- Regular folks, who live a semi-monastic life and have a relationship with a monastery
  • “Mendicants” – Itinerant monks who depend on the charity of others